self-quarantine

self quarantine

 

The thought of going into quarantine may sound scary. But it is a simple precaution to protect yourself and others from contagious diseases. If you live in an area hit by an infectious disease outbreak like the recent COVID-19 pandemic, health officials may recommend practicing social distancing or limiting your time in public to protect yourself. If you are ill or may have been exposed to the disease, you may need to quarantine or isolate yourself at home until the risk of spreading the infection to others is past. Keep in touch with your doctor and reach out to friends and family to ease your worries and reduce stress while you wait for the quarantine to end.

Table of Contents

Protect yourself with social distancing

Keep at least two meters away from people who are obviously ill.

Many contagious diseases are spread when people are around infected people, even if they are not actually in physical contact. This can happen when an infected person coughs or sneezes and people around them inhale droplets of saliva or mucus from their nose or mouth. If you are around people with symptoms of illness, such as sneezing or coughing, avoid touching them and try to keep a distance of at least two meters. According to health officials, you are at risk of contracting the COVID-19 virus if you stay six feet away from an infected person for an extended period of time (i.e. more than a few minutes), if an infected person coughs on you, or if you are caring for someone with COVID-19 or sharing a home with someone who has COVID-19.

Wash your hands frequently when in public areas.

Washing hands is one of the simplest and most effective ways to protect yourself and others from spreading disease. If you are in a public place or other area where you know you may be at risk of illness, wash your hands frequently with soap and running water. Wash for at least 20 seconds, remembering your wrists, between your fingers, and the backs of your hands. It’s especially important to wash your hands after using the bathroom, after touching high-contact surfaces (like doorknobs, railings, and light switches), and before handling food or touching your face. According to authorities, warm and cold water are equally effective at washing away germs and viruses. The most important thing is that you use soap and you have to wash for at least 20 seconds. If your skin is sensitive, using cold water can help prevent dryness and irritation. If you don’t have access to soap and water, clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.

Keep your hands as far away from your face as possible.

Many viruses and germs enter the body through the mucous membranes in the eyes, nose and mouth. To prevent this, avoid touching your face as much as possible, as your hands may have come into contact with a contaminated surface. If you must touch your face, wash your hands with soap and warm water before and after. If possible, use a tissue when you need to wipe, rub, or scratch any part of your face. Throw away the cloth when you’re done.

Cover your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze.

Even if you don’t think you’re sick, it’s important to protect others in your community and set a good example by practicing proper hygiene when coughing and sneezing. Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue and then throw it away immediately. Wash your hands or use hand sanitizer when you’re done. If you don’t have a tissue or time to grab one, cough or sneeze into your bent elbow instead of your hand. This way you avoid spreading viruses or germs when you touch things with your hands.

Avoid crowded areas if you are at high risk or if local health authorities recommend it.

In some cases, local health officials will ban large gatherings or tell people to limit their presence in public spaces to limit the spread of the disease. You must also limit your presence in crowds and public areas if you are prone to infection. If you’re unsure whether going outside is a good idea, ask your doctor for advice. For example, the Robert Koch Institute (RKI) currently recommends that people who are at high risk of becoming seriously ill from COVID-19 should stay at home and avoid crowded areas as much as possible. This includes older adults (people aged 60 and over) and people with chronic medical conditions such as heart disease, lung disease, or diabetes. People with a weakened immune system, such as those with HIV/AIDS, cancer patients, people using chemotherapy, or people taking immunosuppressive drugs are also at risk. If your doctor or local health authorities advise you to stay home, you should stock up on necessary supplies, such as medications you’re currently taking, groceries, and over-the-counter medicines like tissues and cough medicine.

Get social distancing recommendations from reputable public health websites.

If you live in an area affected by an outbreak of an infectious disease such as the COVID-19 virus, visit your local public health website for updates and information. There you will find information on how to protect yourself and others from diseases and whether social distancing is necessary. For example, try a web search like “Corona Measures Berlin”. You can also use sources like the Department of Health’s website for more general information. Your local health authority may recommend social distancing for people who are particularly vulnerable, such as older adults or those with a compromised immune system. They can also enforce it by canceling large community events or closing schools if there are signs of disease risk.

Self-quarantine after contagion

Self-quarantine if you have been in contact with an infected person.

If you know you have been around an infected person, infected with the COVID-19 coronavirus or any other dangerous disease, it is advisable to self-quarantine to protect yourself and others. If you think you may have been exposed to an infectious disease during an outbreak, contact your doctor or local health department and ask if you need to self-quarantine. You may receive a possible exposure notification from your school, employer, or local health authority. Take such advice seriously and don’t hesitate to ask questions if you’re not sure what to do.

Call your doctor right away if you suspect you are ill.

If you think you’ve been exposed to an illness like COVID-19 and have noticed any suspicious symptoms, call your doctor and explain the situation. He may ask you to come in for a medical exam and tests. They can also give you advice on whether self-quarantine is necessary for you. For example, call your doctor right away if you have symptoms such as a fever, cough, or trouble breathing, especially if you live in an area where COVID-19 is active. Do not show up at the doctor’s office without calling first if you suspect you may have an illness, such as coronavirus or the flu. They may need to take special precautions to protect themselves, you and the other patients from disease. Most clinics currently offer phone or telemedicine visits so they can remotely check on your condition and determine if you need to come in for treatment and evaluation. If they think you need to get tested for the coronavirus, they can refer you to a place that has the necessary resources and facilities (such as drive-up testing or a negative pressure room).

Stay home for 14 days or as long as your doctor recommends.

The typical recommended time for self-quarantine is two weeks. This gives you enough time to monitor your condition and determine if you might pose a risk to others. If your doctor advises you to self-quarantine, ask how long you need to stay home. If you develop symptoms or are officially diagnosed with a contagious disease like COVID-19, you may need to stay home for more than two weeks.

Avoid contact with other people or animals as much as possible.

During the quarantine it is very important that you remain isolated so that you do not infect other people. Even if you don’t have symptoms, avoid visitors and keep your distance from other people who live with you. Limit contact with your pets as much as possible, including petting, cuddling, feeding, and grooming. Designate a room, e.g. your bedroom, for your exclusive use. Other people in the home should stay away from the room unless entry is absolutely necessary. If possible, you should not share the bathroom with other people in your apartment. If you want supplies or groceries to be delivered to your home, ask the delivery person to leave the items at your door. If you have pets, ask a friend or someone else in your home to take care of them until your quarantine period is over. If you must handle your pets, wash your hands before and after and wear a face mask.

Wear a mask if you need to be around other people.

Even if you don’t have any obvious symptoms of illness, you should wear a face mask during quarantine to reduce the risk of spreading possible infection to others. Put on a mask when you have visitors, when a family member needs to enter your room, or when you need to leave home for medical treatment. If you can’t find face masks in stores due to shortages, you can improvise one by tying a cloth or handkerchief over your nose and mouth. Anyone who needs to enter your space or be in close contact with you during your quarantine should also wear a mask.

Warning!: The World Health Organization currently recommends that even people without symptoms should wear cloth masks in public to prevent transmission, e.g. when shopping for groceries or using public transport.

Wash your hands frequently with soap and warm water.

During quarantine, protect yourself and others from the possible spread of the disease by washing your hands regularly. Wash your hands for at least 20 seconds, especially after coughing, sneezing, or blowing your nose, after using the bathroom, and before preparing or eating food. If you don’t have access to soap and water, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.

Cover your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze.

If you have to cough or sneeze, prevent the spread of potentially contaminated liquids from your mouth and nose by covering your face with a tissue. If you don’t have one, cough or sneeze into the crook of your arm. Don’t leave used tissues lying around. Immediately throw them into a lined trash can, then wash your hands with soap and water.

Disinfect objects and surfaces you come into contact with.

Use a household cleaning product, e.g. B. a disinfectant wipe or all-purpose cleaner to clean surfaces that you use regularly throughout the day. This includes things like door handles, counters, table tops, light switches and toilet seats. Wash anything that you put in your mouth, e.g. B. Dishes or thermometer, with soap and hot water.

Monitor your condition closely and seek medical attention if anything changes.

During quarantine, pay close attention to signs that you may be getting sick or that your condition is getting worse. If you notice new or worsening symptoms, call your doctor right away and ask for advice. Report in detail what type of symptoms you are having, when they started, and what types of treatments you have used, if any (e.g., over-the-counter medications).

Self-isolation when you are sick

Ask your doctor if you can return home or if you need to be hospitalized.

If you have a confirmed diagnosis of an infectious disease such as COVID-19, your doctor must assess your specific case and make recommendations based on your condition. Discuss whether it is safe for you to go home and, if so, whether you need to remain in isolation until you recover. If your doctor thinks you’re stable enough to go home, ask for detailed instructions on how to support yourself during your isolation period. If a friend or family member is caring for you, ask the doctor to share this information with them. Your doctor will send any confirmed lab test results to the local health department. From there, the health department will make recommendations on how long you need to stay in isolation.

Stay home unless you need medical care.

When you are sick, it is imperative that you stay home and get as much rest as possible. This is the only way you can recover faster and also protect others from becoming infected. Don’t go to school or work, and avoid taking public transportation to the doctor’s if possible. Always call ahead if you need to visit your doctor’s hospital or office. State your diagnosis and describe any of your current symptoms. If you need a refill, have it delivered to your home if possible. Don’t go shopping while in isolation.

Stay in your own room as much as possible when sharing your home with others.

If you can, stay in your private space inside the home and don’t let in pets, visitors, or family members. If possible, use your own bathroom instead of sharing one with other people in the apartment. If possible, someone else should take care of the pets. This is especially important if you have a disease like COVID-19 that can be transmitted between animals and humans. To avoid having to enter other areas of the house, ask family members or other caregivers to leave prepared meals or other supplies at the door. You should preferably stay in a well-ventilated room with a window that you can open.

Wear a mask if you need to interact with other people.

If you are too ill to fend for yourself, put on a mask whenever a caregiver needs to be around. You should also put on a mask if you have to leave your home (e.g. to go to your doctor’s office). Your caregivers should also wear a mask when they are around you. If you can’t get a face mask due to shortages in your area, cover your nose and mouth with a handkerchief or scarf instead.

Maintain proper hygiene to prevent the spread of the disease.

During your isolation, keep your surroundings clean and take precautions so you don’t spread your infection to others in your home. You can help keep loved ones safe: Wash your hands frequently with soap and warm water, especially after coughing, sneezing, blowing your nose, or using the bathroom. Cover your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze. Dispose of used tissues immediately in a lined trash can. Do not share personal items with others. This includes towels, medical equipment (such as thermometers and medication cups), eating dishes and utensils, personal care products, and linens. Disinfect surfaces and objects that you come into frequent contact with, such as doorknobs, countertops, and toilet seats.

Call your doctor right away if your symptoms change or worsen.

While you are in isolation, you or your caregiver must monitor your condition closely. If you develop new symptoms, feel worse, or don’t see any signs of improvement after the expected recovery time, call your doctor right away. He can advise you on how to proceed. If you have a medical emergency, call 112 or your local emergency number. If possible, inform the dispatcher of your diagnosis so that emergency medical personnel can make appropriate arrangements.

Talk to your doctor about when you can leave isolation.

The length of self-isolation depends on your specific situation and symptoms. Even if you feel much better, don’t leave your home until your doctor says it’s safe. In this way, you not only protect yourself but also other people around you. Your doctor may need to consult with your local health department to determine the best timeframe for your isolation.

Dealing with self-quarantine

Remember that difficult emotions are normal during self-quarantine.

Dealing with a dangerous disease outbreak is scary and stressful, quarantine can make those feelings even worse. It’s normal to feel anxious, sad, frustrated, lonely, insecure, or even angry in the face of events. If you are feeling any of these feelings, try to acknowledge them without judging yourself. It’s also okay if you don’t feel any of these things. Everyone reacts differently to stressful situations.

Remember, if you’re feeling overwhelmed, or if your feelings of distress have lasted two weeks or more with no signs of improvement, you may need additional help. Contact your doctor or therapist, or call a hotline to be connected to a trained crisis counselor.

Talk to your doctor if you have any questions or concerns.

If you’re feeling anxious or unsafe, your doctor may be able to calm you down. Don’t hesitate to call your doctor’s office or contact someone at the local health authority if you have any questions. They may be able to direct you to other helpful resources online or in your community.

Talk to your employer if you’re worried about losing income.

Being absent from work due to self-quarantine, self-isolation, or enforced social distancing can put you under financial pressure. If you’re concerned, talk to your employer about your situation. Give him a clear explanation as to why you need to be absent from work and provide him with a medical certificate if necessary. Some employers may be willing to offer paid sick leave to employees who are quarantined or isolated due to illness. If you live in the United States, contact your human resources department to see if you are eligible for family medical leave. This guarantees up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave for employees who are ill or who have to care for a sick family member. You can also contact your providers and explain your situation to them. They may be able to offer you payment options that can ease your financial burden until you can go back to work.

Stay in touch with your family and friends.

Being in quarantine or isolation can be extremely lonely. Being alone during an illness or afraid of getting sick can also increase your feelings of anxiety or frustration. Reach out to friends and family via phone, email, social media, or video chat so you don’t feel so alone. In addition to offering a listening ear and helping to alleviate loneliness and boredom, friends and family can also offer practical help. Don’t be afraid to ask a friend or family member to deliver meals or supplies to your home, to look after your pets while you’re in quarantine, or to help you with chores you can’t do.

Do stress-relieving activities that help you relax.

To combat boredom, anxiety, and frustration, find simple, enjoyable activities to do while stuck at home. Depending on how well you’re feeling, this may include things like watching movies or TV shows Reading Listening to relaxing music Playing games Meditating or doing light stretches or yoga Working on hobbies or creative projects Doing light housework